Catechins are a type of antioxidant that is found in high concentrations in green tea and other plants. They are a subclass of flavonoids and are known for their ability to protect the body from damage caused by free radicals. Free radicals are molecules with an unpaired electron that can damage cells, proteins and DNA, and are thought to play a role in the development of various diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular disease and neurodegenerative disorders.
Green tea contains a variety of catechins, but epigallocatechin gallate is the most prevalent and extensively researched (EGCG). Numerous potential health advantages of EGCG have been discovered, including anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, and anti-obesity effects.
Heart disease risk may be decreased by catechins’ ability to lower blood pressure, cholesterol, and inflammation. They might also enhance brain function and provide neuroprotective qualities.
Catechins have been shown to slow the growth and metastasis of cancer cells, which suggests that they may aid in cancer prevention. By enhancing insulin sensitivity and glucose metabolism, catechins may also help lower the incidence of type 2 diabetes, according to some research.
In conclusion, catechins are a class of antioxidants that are present in green tea and other plants and are renowned for their capacity to shield the body from the harm that free radicals may bring. Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), the most prevalent and researched catechin, has been shown to have anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, and anti-obesity characteristics. It may also aid to improve brain function and may possess neuroprotective properties. As part of a healthy lifestyle, drinking green tea or taking supplements containing catechins may offer possible health benefits, but it’s crucial to do so in moderation and consult a healthcare provider before doing so.